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Configuration File

Overview #

In order to serve you well, Karma needs to know about your project in order to test it and this is done via a configuration file. The easiest way to generate an initial configuration file is by using the karma init command. This page lists all of the available configuration options.

Note:

Most of the framework adapters, reporters, preprocessors and launchers need to be loaded as plugins.

The Karma configuration file can be written in JavaScript, CoffeeScript, or TypeScript and is loaded as a regular Node.js module.

Unless provided as argument, the Karma CLI will look for a configuration file at

  • ./karma.conf.js
  • ./karma.conf.coffee
  • ./karma.conf.ts
  • ./.config/karma.conf.js
  • ./.config/karma.conf.coffee
  • ./.config/karma.conf.ts

in that order.

Within the configuration file, the configuration code is put together by setting module.exports to point to a function which accepts one argument: the configuration object.

// karma.conf.js
module.exports = function(config) {
  config.set({
    basePath: '../..',
    frameworks: ['jasmine'],
    //...
  });
};
# karma.conf.coffee
module.exports = (config) ->
  config.set
    basePath: '../..'
    frameworks: ['jasmine']
    # ...
// karma.conf.ts
module.exports = (config) => {
  config.set({
    basePath: '../..',
    frameworks: ['jasmine'],
    //...
  });
}

Customized TypeScript Configuration #

Under the hood Karma uses ts-node to transpile TypeScript to JavaScript. If the resolved tsconfig.json has module configured as ES formats. You might get errors like SyntaxError: Unexpected token. This is due that in Node ES module formats are not supported. To overcome this issue you need to configure ts-node to use commonjs module format.

Create a JavaScript configuration file that overrides the module format.

// karma.conf.js
require('ts-node').register({
  compilerOptions: {
    module: 'commonjs'
  }
});
require('./karma.conf.ts');

File Patterns #

All of the configuration options, which specify file paths, use the minimatch library to facilitate flexible but concise file expressions so you can easily list all of the files you want to include and exclude.

You can find details about each configuration option in the section below. The following options utilize minimatch expressions:

  • exclude
  • files
  • preprocessors

Examples:

  • **/*.js: All files with a "js" extension in all subdirectories
  • **/!(jquery).js: Same as previous, but excludes "jquery.js"
  • **/(foo|bar).js: In all subdirectories, all "foo.js" or "bar.js" files

Configuration Options #

These are all of the available configuration options.

autoWatch #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

CLI: --auto-watch, --no-auto-watch

Description: Enable or disable watching files and executing the tests whenever one of these files changes.

autoWatchBatchDelay #

Type: Number

Default: 250

Description: When Karma is watching the files for changes, it tries to batch multiple changes into a single run so that the test runner doesn't try to start and restart running tests more than it should, or restart while build files are not in a consistent state. The configuration setting tells Karma how long to wait (in milliseconds) from the last file change before starting the test process again, resetting the timer each time a file changes (i.e. debouncing).

basePath #

Type: String

Default: ''

Description: The root path location that will be used to resolve all relative paths defined in files and exclude. If the basePath configuration is a relative path, then it will be resolved to the __dirname of the configuration file.

browserDisconnectTimeout #

Type: Number

Default: 2000

Description: How long does Karma wait for a browser to reconnect (in ms).

With a flaky connection, it is pretty common that the browser disconnects, but the actual test execution is still running without any problems. Karma does not treat a disconnection as an immediate failure and will wait for browserDisconnectTimeout (ms). If the browser reconnects during that time, everything is fine.

browserConsoleLogOptions #

Type: Object

Default: {level: "debug", format: "%b %T: %m", terminal: true}

Description: Configure how the browser console is logged with the following properties, all of which are optional:

{
  level:  string,
  format: string,
  path:   string,
  terminal: boolean
}

Here the level is the desired log-level, where level log always is logged. The format is a string where %b, %t, %T, and %m are replaced with the browser string, log type in lower-case, log type in uppercase, and log message, respectively. This format will only effect the output file. path is the output-path of the output-file, and terminal indicates if the log should be written in the terminal, or not.

browserDisconnectTolerance #

Type: Number

Default: 0

Description: The number of disconnections tolerated.

The disconnectTolerance value represents the maximum number of tries a browser will attempt in the case of a disconnection. Usually, any disconnection is considered a failure, but this option allows you to define a tolerance level when there is a flaky network link between the Karma server and the browsers.

browserNoActivityTimeout #

Type: Number

Default: 30000

Description: How long will Karma wait for a message from a browser before disconnecting from it (in ms).

If, during test execution, Karma does not receive any message from a browser within browserNoActivityTimeout(ms), it will disconnect from the browser. The default is the one recommended by Travis (https://docs.travis-ci.com/user/gui-and-headless-browsers/#karma-and-firefox-inactivity-timeouts)

browsers #

Type: Array

Default: []

CLI: --browsers Chrome,Firefox, --no-browsers

Possible Values:

  • Chrome (launcher requires karma-chrome-launcher plugin)
  • ChromeCanary (launcher requires karma-chrome-launcher plugin)
  • ChromeHeadless (launcher requires karma-chrome-launcher plugin ^2.1.0)
  • PhantomJS (launcher requires karma-phantomjs-launcher plugin)
  • Firefox (launcher requires karma-firefox-launcher plugin)
  • Opera (launcher requires karma-opera-launcher plugin)
  • IE (launcher requires karma-ie-launcher plugin)
  • Safari (launcher requires karma-safari-launcher plugin)

Description: A list of browsers to launch and capture. When Karma starts up, it will also start up each browser which is placed within this setting. Once Karma is shut down, it will shut down these browsers as well. You can capture any browser manually by opening the browser and visiting the URL where the Karma web server is listening (by default it is http://localhost:9876/).

See config/browsers for more information. Additional launchers can be defined through plugins. Use the --no-browsers command line option to override the value of this setting specified in the configuration file with an empty list.

captureTimeout #

Type: Number

Default: 60000

Description: Timeout for capturing a browser (in ms).

The captureTimeout value represents the maximum boot-up time allowed for a browser to start and connect to Karma. If any browser does not get captured within the timeout, Karma will kill it and try to launch it again and, after three attempts to capture it, Karma will give up.

client.args #

Type: Array

Default: undefined

CLI: All arguments after -- (only when using karma run)

Description: When karma run is passed additional arguments on the command-line, they are passed through to the test adapter as karma.config.args (an array of strings). The client.args option allows you to set this value for actions other than run.

How this value is used is up to your test adapter - you should check your adapter's documentation to see how (and if) it uses this value.

client.useIframe #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Description: Run the tests inside an iFrame or a new window

If true, Karma runs the tests inside an iFrame. If false, Karma runs the tests in a new window. Some tests may not run in an iFrame and may need a new window to run.

client.runInParent #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

Description: Run the tests on the same window as the client, without using iframe or a new window

If true, Karma runs the tests inside the original window without using iframe. It will load the test scripts dynamically.

client.captureConsole #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Description: Capture all console output and pipe it to the terminal.

client.clearContext #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Description: Clear the context window

If true, Karma clears the context window upon the completion of running the tests. If false, Karma does not clear the context window upon the completion of running the tests. Setting this to false is useful when embedding a Jasmine Spec Runner Template.

client.clientDisplayNone #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

Description: Set style display none on client elements.

If true, Karma does not display the banner and browser list. Useful when using karma on component tests with screenshots.

colors #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

CLI: --colors, --no-colors

Description: Enable or disable colors in the output (reporters and logs).

concurrency #

Type: Number

Default: Infinity

Description: How many browsers Karma launches in parallel.

Especially on services like SauceLabs and Browserstack, it makes sense only to launch a limited amount of browsers at once, and only start more when those have finished. Using this configuration, you can specify how many browsers should be running at once at any given point in time.

crossOriginAttribute #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Description: When true, this will append the crossorigin attribute to generated script tags, which enables better error reporting for JavaScript files served from a different origin. Disable this when you need to load external scripts that are served without the necessary Access-Control-Allow-Origin header.

customContextFile #

Type: string

Default: null

Description: If null (default), uses karma's own context.html file.

customDebugFile #

Type: string

Default: null

Description: If null (default), uses karma's own debug.html file.

customClientContextFile #

Type: string

Default: null

Description: If null (default), uses karma's own client_with_context.html file (which is used when client.runInParent set to true).

customHeaders #

Type: Array

Default: undefined

Description Custom HTTP headers that will be set upon serving files by Karma's web server. Custom headers are useful, especially with upcoming browser features like Service Workers.

The customHeaders option allows you to set HTTP headers for files that match a regular expression. customHeaders is an array of Objects with properties as follows:

  • match: Regular expression string to match files
  • name: HTTP header name
  • value: HTTP header value

Example:

customHeaders: [{
  match: '.*foo.html',
  name: 'Service-Worker-Allowed',
  value: '/'
}]

detached #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

CLI: --detached

Description: When true, this will start the karma server in another process, writing no output to the console. The server can be stopped using the karma stop command.

exclude #

Type: Array

Default: []

Description: List of files/patterns to exclude from loaded files.

failOnEmptyTestSuite #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

CLI: --fail-on-empty-test-suite, --no-fail-on-empty-test-suite

Description: Enable or disable failure on running empty test-suites. If disabled the program will return exit-code 0 and display a warning.

failOnSkippedTests #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

CLI: --fail-on-skipped-tests, --no-fail-on-skipped-tests

Description: Enable or disable failure on tests deliberately disabled, eg fit() or xit() tests in jasmine. Use this to prevent accidental disabling tests needed to validate production.

failOnFailingTestSuite #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

CLI: --fail-on-failing-test-suite, --no-fail-on-failing-test-suite

Description: Enable or disable failure on failing tests.

files #

Type: Array

Default: []

Description: List of files/patterns to load in the browser.

See config/files for more information.

forceJSONP #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

Description: Force socket.io to use JSONP polling instead of XHR polling.

frameworks #

Type: Array

Default: []

Description: List of test frameworks you want to use. Typically, you will set this to ['jasmine'], ['mocha'] or ['qunit']...

Please note just about all frameworks in Karma require an additional plugin/framework library to be installed (via NPM).

Additional information can be found in plugins.

listenAddress #

Type: String

Default: '0.0.0.0' or LISTEN_ADDR

Description: Address that the server will listen on. Change to 'localhost' to only listen to the loopback, or '::' to listen on all IPv6 interfaces

hostname #

Type: String

Default: 'localhost'

Description: Hostname to be used when capturing browsers.

httpsServerOptions #

Type: Object

Default: {}

Description: Options object to be used by Node's https class.

Object description can be found in the NodeJS.org API docs

Example:

httpsServerOptions: {
  key: fs.readFileSync('server.key', 'utf8'),
  cert: fs.readFileSync('server.crt', 'utf8')
},

logLevel #

Type: Constant

Default: config.LOG_INFO

CLI: --log-level debug

Possible values:

  • config.LOG_DISABLE
  • config.LOG_ERROR
  • config.LOG_WARN
  • config.LOG_INFO
  • config.LOG_DEBUG

Description: Level of logging.

loggers #

Type: Array

Default: [{type: 'console'}]

Description: A list of log appenders to be used. See the documentation for log4js for more information.

middleware #

Type: Array

Default: []

Description: List of names of additional middleware you want the karma server to use. Middleware will be used in the order listed.

You must have installed the middleware via a plugin/framework (either inline or via NPM). Additional information can be found in plugins.

The plugin must provide an express/connect middleware function (details about this can be found in the Express docs. An example of custom inline middleware is shown below.

Example:

function CustomMiddlewareFactory (config) {
  return function (request, response, /* next */) {
    response.writeHead(200)
    return response.end("content!")
  }
}
middleware: ['custom']
plugins: [
  {'middleware:custom': ['factory', CustomMiddlewareFactory]}
  ...
]

mime #

Type: Object

Default: {}

Description: Redefine default mapping from file extensions to MIME-type

Set property name to required MIME, provide Array of extensions (without dots) as it's value

Example:

mime: {
   'text/x-typescript': ['ts','tsx']
   'text/plain' : ['mytxt']
}

beforeMiddleware #

Type: Array

Default: []

Description: This is the same as middleware except that these middleware will be run before karma's own middleware.

plugins #

Type: Array

Default: ['karma-*']

Description: List of plugins to load. A plugin can be either a plugin object, or a string containing name of the module which exports a plugin object. See plugins for more information on how to install and use plugins.

By default, Karma loads plugins from all sibling NPM packages which have a name starting with karma-*.

port #

Type: Number

Default: 9876

CLI: --port 9876

Description: The port where the web server will be listening.

If the defined port is already in use, karma will automatically increase its value in steps of 1 until a free port is found.

processKillTimeout #

Type: Number

Default: 2000

Description: How long will Karma wait for browser process to terminate before sending a SIGKILL signal.

If, after test execution or after Karma attempts to kill the browser, browser is not killed within processKillTimeout(ms), Karma will send a SIGKILL signal to attempt to kill the browser forcefully.

preprocessors #

Type: Object

Default: {'**/*.coffee': 'coffee'}

Description: A map of preprocessors to use.

Preprocessors can be loaded through plugins.

Note:

Just about all preprocessors in Karma require an additional library to be installed (via NPM).

Be aware that preprocessors may be transforming the files and file types that are available at run time. For instance, if you are using the "coverage" preprocessor on your source files, if you then attempt to interactively debug your tests, you'll discover that your expected source code is completely changed from what you expected. Because of that, you'll want to engineer this so that your automated builds use the coverage entry in the "reporters" list, but your interactive debugging does not.

Click here for more information.

protocol #

Type: String

Default: 'http:'

Possible Values:

  • http:
  • https:

Description: Protocol used for running the Karma webserver.

Determines the use of the Node http or https class.

Note:

Using 'https:' requires you to specify httpsServerOptions.

httpModule #

Type: String

Default: undefined

Description: Module used for Karma webserver.

Uses the provided module instead of node's built in http or https module. The module loaded here must exactly match the interface of node's http module. This can be useful for loading in a module like node-http2 to allow for http2 support.

Note:

if you're using this to enable http2 you must also set the protocol to https: and specify certificates as http2 can only run of https.

proxies #

Type: Object

Default: {}

Description: A map of path-proxy pairs.

The proxy can be specified directly by the target url or path, or with an object to configure more options. The available options are:

  • target The target url or path (mandatory)
  • changeOrigin Whether or not the proxy should override the Host header using the host from the target (default false)

Example:

proxies: {
  '/static': 'http://gstatic.com',
  '/web': 'http://localhost:9000',
  '/img/': '/base/test/images/',
  '/proxyfied': {
    'target': 'http://myserver.localhost',
    'changeOrigin': true
  }
},

proxyValidateSSL #

Type: Boolean

Default: true

Description: Whether or not Karma or any browsers should raise an error when an invalid SSL certificate is found.

reportSlowerThan #

Type: Number

Default: 0

Description: Karma will report all the tests that are slower than given time limit (in ms). This is disabled by default (since the default value is 0).

reporters #

Type: Array

Default: ['progress']

CLI: --reporters progress,growl

Possible Values:

  • dots
  • progress

Description: A list of reporters to use.

Additional reporters, such as growl, junit, teamcity or coverage can be loaded through plugins.

Note:

Just about all additional reporters in Karma (other than progress) require an additional library to be installed (via NPM).

formatError #

Type: Function

Default: undefined

CLI: --format-error ./path/to/formatFunction.js

Arguments:

  • msg - A single line of the assertion error and stack trace (called for each line).

Returns: A new error message line.

Description: Format assertion errors and stack traces. Useful for removing vendors and compiled sources. Return an empty line '' to remove it.

The CLI option should be a path to a file that exports the format function. This can be a function exported at the root of the module or an export named formatError.

pingTimeout #

Type Number

Default 5000

Description Socket.io pingTimeout in ms, https://socket.io/docs/server-api/#new-Server-httpServer-options. Very slow networks may need values up to 60000. Larger values delay discovery of deadlock in tests or browser crashes.

restartOnFileChange #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

Description: When Karma is watching the files for changes, it will delay a new run until the current run is finished. Enabling this setting will cancel the current run and start a new run immediately when a change is detected.

retryLimit #

Type: Number

Default: 2

Description: When a browser crashes, karma will try to relaunch. This defines how many times karma should relaunch a browser before giving up.

singleRun #

Type: Boolean

Default: false

CLI: --single-run, --no-single-run

Description: Continuous Integration mode.

If true, Karma will start and capture all configured browsers, run tests and then exit with an exit code of 0 or 1 depending on whether all tests passed or any tests failed.

transports #

Type: Array

Default: ['polling', 'websocket']

Description: An array of allowed transport methods between the browser and testing server. This configuration setting is handed off to socket.io (which manages the communication between browsers and the testing server).

proxyReq #

Type: Function

Default: undefined

Description: Called when requesting Proxy.

Details about this can be found in the node-http-proxy. An example of overwriting the HTTP header is shown below.

Example:

proxyReq: function(proxyReq, req, res, options) {
  proxyReq.setHeader('Referer', 'https://www.example.com/');
}

proxyRes #

Type: Function

Default: undefined

Description: Called when respnsing Proxy.

Details about this can be found in the node-http-proxy. An example of overwriting the HTTP header is shown below.

Example:

proxyRes: function(proxyRes, req, res) {
  if (proxyRes.headers['set-cookie']) {
    proxyRes.headers['set-cookie'] = proxyRes.headers['set-cookie'].map(function (cookie) {
      return cookie.replace(/\s*secure;?/i, '');
    })
  }
}

upstreamProxy #

Type: Object

Default: undefined

Description: For use when the Karma server needs to be run behind a proxy that changes the base url, etc

If set then the following fields will be defined and can be overridden:

path #

Type: String

Default: '/'

Description: Will be prepended to the base url when launching browsers and prepended to internal urls as loaded by the browsers

port #

Type: Number

Default: 9875

Description: Will be used as the port when launching browsers

hostname #

Type: String

Default: 'localhost'

Description: Will be used as the hostname when launching browsers

protocol #

Type: String

Default: 'http:'

Description: Will be used as the protocol when launching browsers

urlRoot #

Type: String

Default: '/'

Description: The base url, where Karma runs.

All of Karma's urls get prefixed with the urlRoot. This is helpful when using proxies, as sometimes you might want to proxy a url that is already taken by Karma.

browserSocketTimeout #

Type: Number

Default: 20000

Description: Timeout for the client socket connection (in ms).

This configuration represents the amount of time that the client will wait for the socket to connect.

When running a browser in different environments, it can take different amounts of time for the client socket to connect. If Karma cannot connect within the default timeout, you may see an error similar to the following:

ChromeHeadless have not captured in 60000ms, killing.
Trying to start ChromeHeadless again (1/2).
ChromeHeadless have not captured in 60000ms, killing.
Trying to start ChromeHeadless again (2/2).
ChromeHeadless have not captured in 60000ms, killing.
ChromeHeadless failed 2 times(timeout). Giving up.

If you see this error, you can try increasing the socket connection timeout.